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Ontario Lyme Disease Risk Area map ( Public Health Ontario 2017)
Read Tick Troubles an article by a GVTA member about their experience encountering ticks and protection advice.
The following information is from my "bible" called "Backpacker's Field Manual" by Rick Curtis, Director, Princetown University Outdoor Action. It generally sums up what we require.
"Tick can be found almost anywhere. The best defense against them is to wear hats, button up your shirt, tuck your long pants into your socks, or wear gaiters. Applying insect repellent to clothing and boots can also help. Also perform regular "tick checks". ( Get your partner to view your entire body back and front, even with a magnifying glass.) Adult ticks usually like to wander around the body for an hour or two before they attach, and they like to attach in a warm hairy place. Therefore, you should run your fingers through your hair and closely examine your scalp. Ticks can also attach in the groin, under the arms, in or behind the ears, or occasionally underneath women's breasts."
Removing Ticks and Treatment
"To remove a tick with tweezers, grasp the tick's head as close to the skin as possible, paying careful attention to the head of the tick, which may still be under the skin. Pull it straight out. Do not grab the tick in the middle part of it's body. Ticks may carry harmful bacteria, and squeezing their abdomen may inject the bacteria into the wound. There are also special "tick tweezers" designed to remove the tick completely. Do not burn or smother the tick with fluids. These methods are not effective in removing the tick and may force infected fluid into the bloodstream. Evacuation is not necessary, but be sure to clean the area as you would any wound. If possible, save the tick for identification. Place it in a plastic bag with a small amount of vegetation. Live ticks can be tested to see if they are carrying a disease. Anyone who has an engorged tick removed should watch signs of a tick-borne illness after the trip. Blood test for some tick-borne diseases are available." - Charles Whitlock, President (2001)
Link Removing Ticks. Government of Canada
Ticks and Lyme Disease
"Lyme disease is an infection caused by the corkscrew-shaped bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi. In Ontario, these bacteria are spread by the bite of blacklegged ticks (formerly called deer ticks), Ixodes scapularis. The blacklegged tick can be found sporadically throughout the province." Lyme Disease, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care
Links to information about ticks and Lyme disease
- many of these links have information on identifying and removal of ticks, symptoms of lyme disease, general areas of risk, etc.